[SECRETS OF SOVIET CINEMATOGRAPHY] Kombinirovannyye i tryukovyye kinos’yemki [i.e. Combined and Stunt Filming]
[Moscow]: Goskinoizdat, 1941. 264 pp.: ill. 23.2x17.8 cm. In original publisher’s quarter cloth binding. Rubbed boards, previous owner’s ink inscription on the verso of the front endpaper. Otherwise in a very good condition.
Scarce. First edition. 1 of 2,000 copies. Edited by N. Markovin. Soviet lessons on combined and stunt filming from the best of the best.
In the 1920s and 1930s, the Soviet cinematography witnessed a time of technical experimentation and research. The decree of the Council of People’s Commissars of the USSR of March 23, 1938 «On Improving the Organization of Film Production» underlined the need to use combined filming as the most effective way of coping with existing issues in movie industry. From that time on, the Soviet directors began actively incorporating stunt and combined filming into their work.
A famous Soviet animation and fantasy film director, Alexander Ptushko (1900-1973) started his career in cinema in 1927 as a doll designer and immediately got carried away with experiments, making short doll films. Together with the operator Nikolay Renkov (1906-1988), Ptushko developed methods of stunt and combined shooting, integrating in one frame the real environment and live actors with cartoon dolls. These successful experiments gave the director an idea of creating a large (2200 m) combined film Novyy Gulliver [i.e. New Gulliver] (1935). The movie became a worldwide sensation, granting widespread acclaim both to the director and operator. Using this method, the director shot the films Zolotoy klyuchik [i.e. Golden Key] (1938) and Ruslan i Lyudmila [i.e. Ruslan and Lyudmila] (1939) - movies that became a definite milestone in the development of special effects in Soviet cinematography. Nowadays, Alexander Ptushko and Nikolay Renkov are widely considered the pioneers of combined and stunt shooting in the USSR.
The book Kombinirovannyye i tryukovyye kinos»yemki [i.e. Combined and Stunt Filming] was written by Alexander Ptushko and Nikolay Renkov shortly after the huge success of the movies The Golden Key and New Gulliver. In the edition, the authors reveal the secrets of shooting techniques masterly implemented in the creation of a number of films, including Arinka (1939; Directed by Yuriy Muzykant and Nadezhda Kosheverova), Muzhestvo [i.e. Courage] (1939; Directed by Mikhail Kalatozishvili), Svetlyy put’ [i.e. Tanya] (1940; Directed by Grigori Aleksandrov), etc. The book consists of 6 sections: Perspective combination, Transparent shooting, Keying, or shooting in the light, Additional drawing, Model shooting, and Various methods of combined shooting. The edition also includes numerous black and white stills from the various Soviet movies.
Overall, an important document of the time.
Worldcat shows 1 copy of the edition at Stanford University Libraries.
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